This tries to describe some of the IP layer network shapes that IPConnect may want to present to each (end) customer.
In this case no IP addresses are actually present in IPConnect;
all the IP addresses are in the customer router. (These may be allocated
by IPConnect). All the IP addresses must be from the same subnet. The connection
matrix is a complete mesh in order to preserve the LAN broadcast nature.
So another view is as a number of point to point links.
Generalised slightly, these don't have to be in the same subnet anymore, nor form a complete mesh. However in his case an interior routing protocol, or series of static routes are required to describe the adjacencies. [Note that each of these point to point links at the customer device may end up with a separate IP address due to driver limitations?]
Another model derived from the LANE model includes a new entity that supports LAN broadcast functionality by relaying all broadcast packets to other members of the ELAN. In contrast to LANE, this device is configured. (I am not sure how the customer routers respond to ATM ports in terms of whether they would send a packet to the IP subnet broadcast address, e.g. 188.8.131.52). In this scenario, there are some point to point VCs between routers, but additionally all the routers are connected to this broadcast relay. When broadcast traffic (or traffic between 2 routers using the 'unknown' relay) becomes excessive, the telco would (recommend to) implement an additional PVC. [This is a bit of new comms software that would need to be written. I am not sure where it would run, nor whether it would be supported by all customer routers].
Another implementation of LAN (or VLAN) is to introduce a number of layer 2 switches (like ethernet bridges) which are linked together by *Connect PVCs. This essentially expands the machine room hierarchical LAN to transcontinental dimension. It is probably still desirable to restrict the membership of this VLAN/subnet to just routers to reduce the volume of broadcast traffic. An undesirable feature of such a setup for implementation by IP connect is that because of the flat address space of the VLAN that in order to avoid forwarding loops between the switches, they form themselves into a spanning tree. The consequence of this is that if some sites having a traffic dispersion that would require a partial mesh, would be formed into a tree. The redundant link would only be used if the spanning tree protocol detected that one of the links had failed.
The next case introduces an IP router for the first time. This means
that each interface presented by IPConnect has an IP address, and these
would be addresses in a subnet shared with the customer LANS. In
practice these subnets may be "/30" or perhaps unnumbered interfaces,
since only the customer router and IPConnect 'router' have interfaces on
the point-to-point circuit. (I say that because I presume the IPConnect
router would not be supporting the dynamic IP/ATM (RFC1577) nor LANE. The
internal 'bus' of this router is a number of PVCs or PVCs with other routers.
The 'router' has to have routes configured in it to customer networks.
These may include routes to an external internet, and may include alternate
paths. These routes could be static, however these can lead to routing
black holes. It would be far preferable for the 'router' to be able to
participate in an internal routing protocol as a peer within the customer
network's administrative domain. In the single router view, adjacencies
can I believe be assigned varying costs with both RIP and OSPF (though
probably only a simple single metric with limited value range. RIP's cost
is limited to 16 which is 'infinity'.)
Alternately, the internal structure of the routing network may be exposed. This may in fact be easier with existing routers. (In this case internal subnets used to implement the VPN would be visible since couldn't partition the administrative domain of the customers network).
Also note that connectivity to external internets, including the global
Internet, may be an additional service offered by the telco. Other
services may be DNS, web proxies, RADIUS, web servers etc.